Four nginx installation methods under Linux system

1. Background

Nginx is a lightweight Web server, reverse proxy server , because it occupies less memory, starts extremely fast, and has high concurrency capabilities, it is widely used in Internet projects. This article introduces three methods for installing nginx based on the linux environment. The installation version is the latest stable version launched by the official website at this stage.

2. Environmental description

software projectVersion
operating systemCentos7.9

3. Four installation methods of linux

  1. yum installation: simple and convenient, not easy to make mistakes
  2. rpm installation package installation: convenient and convenient
  3. Source package installation: a bit cumbersome, good service performance
  4. docker installation: easy and fast

in yum , source code installation, docker installation rely on Internet access, rpm can be installed offline.

4. Installation steps

Check the port before installation. By default, nginx uses port 80. If port 80 is already occupied, an error may be reported during the startup process. For port occupancy, you can stop the service that occupies the port or use another port to start nginx. Introduce again in this article. refer to" Centos7 firewall settings>

netstat -nltp | grep 80

4.1 yum install ningx

nginx adds yum repro library

 # Download the nginx package

 # Build nginx's yum repository
 rpm -ivh nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm

View nginx information

yum info nginx

Check the nginx version in the yum source repository

yum --showduplicates list nginx | expand

Install nginx, the latest stable version and nginx 1.20.2 are installed by default

yum install nginx

4.2 source code Compile and install nginx

The installation steps of Nginx source package are more complicated than other installation methods, but the operation is not complicated, and some Nginx dependent libraries need to be installed in advance.

4.2.1 Dependent library installation

1. Install the gcc environment
Depends on the gcc environment when compiling

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake make

2. Install pcre
Provide nginx to support rewrite function

yum -y install pcre pcre-devel

3. Install zlib
The zlib library provides many ways to compress and decompress, and nginx uses zlib to gzip the contents of the http package

yum -y install zlib zlib-devel make libtool

4. Install openssl
Secure Sockets Layer cryptographic library for communication encryption

yum -y install openssl openssl-devel

4.2.2 nginx installation

Manually create users and user groups

groupadd nginx
useradd nginx -g nginx -s /sbin/nologin -M

Official website download nginx source package



tar -zxvf nginx-1.20.2.tar.gz

build directory

cd nginx-1.20.2
# Check the platform installation environment
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --user=nginx --group=nginx

Parameter Description

#Compile and install directory
#owning user nginx
#group nginx
#This module provides basic status information of nginx
# HTTPS support

Compile the source code and install

make			# compile
make install  		# Install

After nginx is compiled and installed, modify nginx.conf

user nginx nginx;

4.2.3 ningx operation

start the service


reload service

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

Out of service

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop

View progress

ps -ef | grep nginx


curl IP

View nginx version information

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -V

nginx configuration service
At present, nginx is executed through commands. During the running process of nginx, nginx needs to be run as a system service. Run the service with the systemctl command
configuration service file

vi /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

configuration information

ExecReload=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx reload
ExecStop=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx quit

Create service

systemctl enable nginx.service

Use the service command

systemctl status nginx

4.3 rpm installation package to install nginx

4.3.1 Download rpm installation package

Official website download Installation package


4.3.2 Install nginx package

rpm -ivh nginx-1.20.2-1.el7.ngx.x86_64.rpm

4.3.3 Configure permissions

Create nginx users and groups with root account

groupadd nginx
useradd nginx -g nginx -s /sbin/nologin -M

list of authorization lists for nginx

chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/log/logrotate.d/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/conf.d
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/config.d/default.conf
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/mime.types
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/modules
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/scgi_params
chown -R nginx:nginx /etc/nginx/uwsgi_params
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx-debug.service
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/lib64/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/lib64/nginx/modules
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/nginx/check-reload
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/nginx/upgrade
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/sbin/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/sbin/nginx-debug
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/doc/nginx-1.20.1
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/doc/nginx-1.20.1/COPYRIGHT
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/man/man8/nginx.8.gz
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx/html
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx/html/50x.html
chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/share/nginx/html/index.html
chown -R nginx:nginx /var/cache/nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /var/log/nginx

start nginx

systemctl start nginix



uninstall nginx

# View the nginx installation file
rpm -qa | grep nginx
# Uninstall nginx installation files
 rpm -e nginx-1.20.2-1.el7.ngx.x86_64

4.4 Install nginx in docker

Docker installation can choose online and offline installation. Online installation is installed using docker command. After offline installation is installed using docker, it is packaged to offline server for installation. This article takes online installation as an example to expand the operation. Docker installation will not be introduced here, docker installation reference " centos7 sets up Alibaba Cloud yum source, docker source and docker image acceleration "The docker installation section in

# Get nginx image
docker pull nginx:1.21.6
# View mirror
docker images
 run nginx
docker run --name nginx -p 80:80 -d nginx

During use, configuration files, sites, and log information will be mounted, and the mounting parameters can be added on the existing basis.

curl ip

5, nginx other

5.1 Common operations of nginx

Common operations are based on the correct installation of nginx

start nginx

systemctl start nginx

stop nginx

systemctl stop nginx

restart nginx

systemctl restart nginx

reload configuration

systemctl reload nginx

set startup

systemctl enable nginx

Turn off startup settings

systemctl disable nginx

View version

nginx -V

5.2 Contents Description

Table of contentsillustrate
/etc/nginx/All relevant configuration file directories
/etc/nginx/nginx.confIndependent nginx service configuration file directory
/var/log/nginx/nginx log file directory
/var/log/nginx/access.logAccess logs (IP/browser information/processing time/request URL)
/var/log/nginx/error.logError log (error messages in server and request processing)
/usr/share/nginx/htmlThe default site location, which can be adjusted according to the actual situation

Tags: Linux Nginx server

Posted by MichaelGallagher on Fri, 08 Jul 2022 03:31:40 +0530