Fundamentals of computer operating system -- conditional variables of thread synchronization


This is the fourteenth article on conditional variables for thread synchronization. In the previous article, we introduced read-write locks. When reading more and writing less, the performance of read-write locks is better than that of mutexes. This chapter also introduces an important method to handle thread synchronization -- condition variables

Conditional variable

  • Conditional variable is a relatively complex method of thread synchronization
  • Condition variables allow threads to sleep until certain conditions are met
  • When the conditions are met, a signal can be sent to the thread to notify the wake-up thread

As for the producer consumer model introduced earlier, there are certain loopholes

  • When the buffer is less than 0, consumers are not allowed to consume and must wait
  • When the buffer is full, the producer is not allowed to produce in the buffer, and the producer must wait

In the previous article, there is no constraint on this. When this article studies condition variables, it will be more strictly constrained

Assuming that the buffer is equal to 0 at this time, when the producer produces a product, it wakes up the consumers who may be waiting. Assuming that the buffer is full, when a consumer consumes a product, it wakes up the producers who may be waiting

Examples of conditional variables (used in conjunction with mutexes)


//Critical resources
int num=0;
//Buffer Max
int MAX_BUF=100;
//Define condition variables
pthread_cond_t cond=PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER;
//Define mutex
pthread_mutex_t mutex=PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;

void* producer(void*){
            //wait for
            pthread_cond_wait(&cond, &mutex);
            printf("The buffer is full, waiting for consumers to consume\n");
        printf("Produce a product. The current product quantity is:%d", num);
        sleep(1);//Time required to produce the product
        //Notify consumers who may be waiting
        printf("Notify consumer...\n");
        sleep(1);Frequency of production

void* consumer(void*){
            //wait for
            pthread_cond_wait(&cond, &mutex);
       printf("The buffer is empty, waiting for the producer to produce\n");     
        printf("Consume a product. The current product quantity is:%d", num);
        //Notify potential waiting producers
        printf("Notify producer...\n");

int main()
        //Define two threads
        pthread_t thread1,thread2;
        //One executes producer logic and the other executes consumer logic
        pthread_create(&thread1, NULL, &producer, NULL);
        pthread_create(&thread2, NULL, &consumer, NULL);
        pthread_join(&thread1, NULL);
        pthread_join(&thread2, NULL);
        return 0;

Execution result:

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Posted by mlai4167 on Wed, 01 Jun 2022 10:23:54 +0530